Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed

Kokeshi_Doll_Vintage_Japan_Handpainted_10_signed_01_uylm
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed

Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed
Kokeshi doll – handmade from Japan. A vintage Kokeshi doll handcarved with a bow in hair and sakura flowers decorating her kimono. The doll measures 10 and is signed underneath with the artist’s signature. Kokeshi dolls symbolize love, friendship and are often thought to be a lucky charm. Check out our reviews to see what our customers have to say about us. Please check photos and read description thoroughly. We take pride in offering high quality, first level, collectable art and objets de art. We always strive for excellence in customer service. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “iolani7″ and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Republic of Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Culture: Japanese

Kokeshi Doll Vintage Japan Handpainted 10, signed

Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed

Vintage_Japanese_Asian_Yamaha_Hand_Painted_Kokeshi_Wooden_6_Doll_Signed_01_aj
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed

Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed
Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed. Approximately 6 inches tall. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “whimsy_and_bing” and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Cultural Origin: Asian
  • Provenance: Ownership History Not Available
  • Featured Refinements: Kokeshi Doll
  • Material: Wood
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Handmade: Yes
  • Modified Item: No
  • Culture: Japanese

Vintage Japanese Asian Yamaha Hand Painted Kokeshi Wooden 6 Doll Signed

Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2

Vintage_Japanese_Wooden_Artist_Signed_Daruma_Doll_x_2_01_oo
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2

Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2
Vintage Japanese Artist Signed Wooden Daruma Dolls. In an excellent condition. Large Doll : Height 4 1/2 (11cm). Small Doll : Height 2 (5cm). Any Questions – Please Ask! The item “Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2″ is in sale since Tuesday, April 9, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectables\Ethnographic Collectables\Japanese Collectables”. The seller is “benignstar” and is located in Bournemouth. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Region of Origin: Japanese
  • Modified Item: No

Vintage Japanese Wooden Artist Signed Daruma Doll x 2

Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs

Vintage_Japanese_Hand_Made_Samurai_to_Scale_Armor_Doll_Signed_Original_Docs_01_pz
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs

Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs
Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai Scale Armor. Signed on back of Helmet horns. Original Docs in Box (letter to purchaser in Arizona). No damage to the Armors. Lacquered Box has some faint surface scratches and flea bites on some edges. One of the gold metal corner decors is missing. The item “Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs” is in sale since Saturday, May 25, 2019. This item is in the category “Antiques\Asian Antiques\Japan\Armor”. The seller is “bonsaimex” and is located in Las Vegas, Nevada. This item can be shipped to United States.
  • Region of Origin: Japan
  • Age: Post-1940
  • Primary Material: Mixed Materials
  • Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original
  • Size: Doll Size Large over 27″ Tall
  • Type: Armor

Vintage Japanese Hand Made Samurai to Scale Armor Doll Signed Original Docs

Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare

Kokeshi_Japanese_Doll_Vintage_Wooden_Sosaku_MUSHIN_Signed_Masao_Watanabe_Rare_01_mfq
Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare
Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare
Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare
Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare
Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare

Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare
I will take no responsibility even if you get custom charge. Welcome to my shop!! Love, I love Jesus, I love Japan, Japan loves U, Jesus loves U (^ o ^)/. The item “Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare” is in sale since Thursday, March 14, 2019. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “j-loves” and is located in Kyoto. This item can be shipped to North, South, or Latin America, all countries in Europe, all countries in continental Asia, Australia.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Featured Refinements: Kokeshi Doll

Kokeshi Japanese Doll Vintage Wooden Sosaku MUSHIN Signed Masao Watanabe Rare

Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress

Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress

Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress
These dolls are very pretty with so much detail. Age and maker are unknown to me but they are signed. The headdress is missing some pieces but I have some of the parts in a small bag if you wish to repair. It doesnt stay on her head very well and Im not sure if its original to the doll. There are some unattached pieces that Im unsure where they go. The female measures approximately 8.5 tall (not including headdress) and 13 wide. The male measures approximately 11.5 tall and 11 wide. There are some signs of age/wear. There may be missing components. It looks like the male is missing a weapon. Please review all photos closely for condition as they are considered part of the description. Feel free to contact me with any questions and take a peek at my other listings. The item “Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress” is in sale since Friday, January 11, 2019. This item is in the category “Antiques\Asian Antiques\Japan\Dolls”. The seller is “antiquegirl530″ and is located in Sacramento, California. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Primary Material: Mixed Materials
  • Age: Unknown
  • Type: Dolls
  • Original/Reproduction: Vintage Original
  • Region of Origin: Japan
  • Color: Multi-Color
  • Maker: Signed

Vintage Pair Of Asian Japanese Hina Dolls Warrior Geisha Signed With Headdress

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
For sale is a Japanese handcrafted gofun geisha doll with glass eyes in an embroidered silk kimono and obi. The doll has gofun chips on the hands where the fans were glued, a small mark(s), loose thread(s), etc. The Japanese handcrafted lacquered wood geisha doll stand has nicks, scuffs, marks, wear, dust, etc. The handcrafted geisha doll, wood stand and signed wood plaque are in good displayable condition. The Japanese doll artist craftsman signed the wood plaque but we are unable to read the calligraphy. The Japanese doll including lacquered wood stand is 57.5cm (22 5/8″) tall and 42.5 cm (16 3/4″) long. We have more handmade Japanese dolls on sale. Please take a few minutes and look at our other items. The item “GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan” is in sale since Thursday, December 27, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “yamajack” and is located in Fukuoka. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Material: Silk, Gofun & Glass Eyes
  • Age: Post-1990
  • Type: GEISHA Doll
  • Artist Craftsman’s Name: Unable to read the calligraphy.
  • Featured Refinements: Geisha Doll

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
For sale is a Japanese handcrafted gofun geisha doll with glass eyes in an embroidered silk kimono and obi. The doll has gofun chips on the hands where the fans were glued, a small mark(s), loose thread(s), etc. The Japanese handcrafted lacquered wood geisha doll stand has nicks, scuffs, marks, wear, dust, etc. The handcrafted geisha doll, wood stand and signed wood plaque are in good displayable condition. The Japanese doll artist craftsman signed the wood plaque but we are unable to read the calligraphy. The Japanese doll including lacquered wood stand is 57.5cm (22 5/8″) tall and 42.5 cm (16 3/4″) long. We have more handmade Japanese dolls on sale. Please take a few minutes and look at our other items. The item “GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan” is in sale since Tuesday, November 27, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “yamajack” and is located in Fukuoka. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Material: Silk, Gofun & Glass Eyes
  • Age: Post-1990
  • Type: GEISHA Doll
  • Artist Craftsman’s Name: Unable to read the calligraphy.
  • Featured Refinements: Geisha Doll

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan
For sale is a Japanese handcrafted gofun geisha doll with glass eyes in an embroidered silk kimono and obi. The doll has gofun chips on the hands where the fans were glued, a small mark(s), loose thread(s), etc. The Japanese handcrafted lacquered wood geisha doll stand has nicks, scuffs, marks, wear, dust, etc. The handcrafted geisha doll, wood stand and signed wood plaque are in good displayable condition. The Japanese doll artist craftsman signed the wood plaque but we are unable to read the calligraphy. The Japanese doll including lacquered wood stand is 57.5cm (22 5/8″) tall and 42.5 cm (16 3/4″) long. We have more handmade Japanese dolls on sale. Please take a few minutes and look at our other items. The item “GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan” is in sale since Sunday, October 28, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “yamajack” and is located in Fukuoka. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: Japan
  • Material: Silk, Gofun & Glass Eyes
  • Age: Post-1990
  • Type: GEISHA Doll
  • Artist Craftsman’s Name: Unable to read the calligraphy.
  • Featured Refinements: Geisha Doll

GEISHA Doll #11 Vtg 22.6 Gofun Silk Kimono Obi Ningyo Signed Wood Plaque Japan

Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed

Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed

Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed
VINTAGE 4 KOKESHI DOLLS BY JAPANESE ARTISANS – SIGNED. Up for your consideration are vintage 4 kokeshi dolls. NOTE: Please see all pictures using the zoom function. Mid to Late 20th century. Height: 18.8cm (7.40 in) – 24.5 cm (9.65 in). Discoloration, wear, scratches, small dings, etc. Please zoom in on pictures for details. This is an estimate only and is not guaranteed. All items must be paid for on a single adjusted invoice. INTERNATIONAL BUYERS – NOTE. The item “Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed” is in sale since Sunday, November 19, 2017. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Asian\1900-Now\Japanese\Dolls”. The seller is “kotofuku” and is located in Kanto region. This item can be shipped worldwide.
Vintage 4 Wooden Kokeshi Dolls by Japanese Artisans Signed